Higher Education Survey

Academic Database on Higher Education Institutions in the state
Introduction
Equity, Excellence and Quality have been the overarching goals of the government in the education sector. Several new initiatives were taken up by the central government during the Eleventh Plan (2007-12). The emphasis has been on enhancing supply and increasing access to quality education. Consequently, the Indian higher education system is one of the largest in the world with over 600 universities and university level institutions and more than 33,000 institutes. Education is in the ‘concurrent list’. Over time, while the role and responsibility of the States’ has remained largely unchanged. The proposed survey covers all the Institutions in the country engaged in imparting of higher education. Despite a significant growth in enrolments, the GER in higher education in India is still lower than the world average (24%), and much lower than that of developed nations (58%)1 . Clearly, there is a long way to go to achieve the GER target set by the MHRD of 30% (by 2020).
                        In Kerala, the target of increasing the gross enrolment ratio (GER) in higher education to 48 per cent by 2030 can be accomplished by a collective approach of all stakeholders of the HE sector in Kerala. It is necessary at this point of time to transform our HE institutions to knowledge dissemination centres, the prevailing has also to be shifted to the status of ‘learning paradigm’. In order to effect a paradigm shift of convergence of traditional and technology induced teaching-learning environment in the HE academic landscape of the state, the attempt has to be initiated by a comprehensive statistics of present abilities and disabilities of the platform in which it rests. Fig. 1 shows the various regulatory structures under which the HE institutions of the state perform. The categories of the HE institutions of the state has been divided in terms of its regulatory instruments.

Present Status
The initiative for formulating a database that provides comprehensive and detailed information on Higher Education Systems and Credentials (in 13 universities) and 1250 Institutions of Government, Aided and Private Self Financing Sector institutions within the state. This is an ongoing task. Regular updates include data received from higher education authorities from time to time. Institutions have two types of Data
(1) Academic (2) Administrative (3) Resources

Data is being collected on several parameters (Annexure 1) and its various subsets such as:
 
 
Teachers Student Enrolment Programmes Examination Results Education Finance Infrastructure
Indicators of educational development such as Institution Density Gross Enrolment Ratio Pupil-teacher ratio Gender Parity Index Per Student Expenditure Social indices of students
performance evaluation curriculum Extra curricular
 
Common assets
 
Department assets

Method of Programme
Regulatory Bodies like UGC, MHRD, AICTE, State Directorates of Collegiate Education and Technical Education, universities etc collect and process various statistics of the student/teacher/ institutional level. Similarly NAAC and NBA also collects various data elements of individual institutions for the accreditation procedure. They have amassed volume of data belong to government and private institutions of higher education sector. National Higher Education Survey conducts all over the country and moved quite ahead in this direction. It is imperative to ensure the participation of institutions in the state regardless of the sector to which it belongs. A collective participatory initiative is the fundamental instrument to fulfil the task. A proper database system needs to be developed in order to cater the comprehensive targets of this initiative. This database system shall be user friendly and compatible with the current datasets of the potential sources. KSHEC can offer this service of conducting this survey subject to the following requirements:
  1. An ERP solution suitable for Academic Data Management may be provided.
  2. Specific directions to the institutions to supply the time bound and meticulous data elements
  3. State regulatory institutions shall provide the available / collected data to the council
  4. Data Entry level support team may be provided either from competent institutions or direct ad-hoc basis
 
 

Purpose
  • Strengthening official Statistical system to produce Education Statistics periodically with timeliness and quality so as to assess and review the performance of education sector and regional divergences across the country.  
  • Encouraging all producers of official Statistics to adopt common geographic referencing and coding standards to provide statistical aggregates/ estimates at State, District and Block level.  
  • Promoting collection of data in electronic mode. Periodically reviewing all regular surveys by undertaking in-house reviews of actual results over time and identifying data-gaps.  
  • Developing techniques that reduce burden on data providers  
  • Strengthening Institutional Coordination between Ministry and other data producing agencies such as University Grants Commission, All India Council for Technical Education, National University of Educational Planning & Administration, Medical Council of India, State Government Departments, and Examination Boards etc.  
  • Benefiting students by creating Centralized portal which can provide updated information to students which may be useful for their decision making. 
  • To conduct some special surveys and longitudinal studies for more detailed insight of Higher Education in the country.